Many comparative genomic studies try to get a grasp on the overall gene content of a species. However, with the current explosion of available genomic data, it becomes more complex to use all-vs-all genome comparison approaches. Over the last years,
Horizontal gene transfer (HGT) is a major source of variability in prokaryotic genomes. Regions of Genome Plasticity (RGPs) are clusters of genes located in highly variable genomic regions. Most of them arise from HGT and correspond to Genomic Islands (GIs).
Discovery of the complete catabolic pathway for red algal carrageenans in marine bacteria An international consortium coordinated by the Marine Glycobiology team (UMR8227 – CNRS/UPMC) has just published the discovery of the complete system for the utilization of carrageenans, sulfated
Introduced in microbiology in 2005 by Medini et al. and Tettelin et al., pangenome approaches aim to compile the entire genomic diversity of a species. In these studies, we generally distinguish within the pangenome, the core genome: the set of
E. coli is the first causative agent among community-acquired bacteraemia and it is also the most abundant species among facultative anaerobic bacteria in human gastro-intestinal tract (Tenaillon et al., Nat. Rev. Microbiol, 2010; Martin et al., N. Engl. J. Med.,
Cyanobacteria are an ancient lineage of photosynthetic bacteria, which are prolific producers of secondary metabolites. Hundreds of bioactive compounds with diverse chemical structures , such as toxins and molecules of pharmaceutical interest, have been characterized from cyanobacteria.
Recent years have seen the explosion of sequencing projects leading to a deluge of several hundred thousand genomes available in public sequence databases. Comparative genomics approaches in microbiology now use thousands of genomes to analyze a species. Indeed, many studies
Genome-resolved metagenomics have profoundly reshaped our understanding of the distribution, functionalities and roles of Archaea. Within the domain, major supergroups are Euryarchaeota, which includes many methanogens, the TACK, which includes Thaumarchaeaota that impact ammonia oxidation in soils and the ocean,